|Image Courtesy: KC Nandu Kariappa|
When it comes to providing leadership to the Indian Army, Kodandera Madappa Kariappa's name is recalled with immense respect.
He was the first Commander in Chief of the Indian Army. He is also known as a 'Keeper'. It is said that when he was posted in Fatehgarh, the wife of a British officer had a lot of difficulty in taking his name. So they started calling him 'Keeper'.
In 1942, Kariappa became the first Indian officer to receive the rank of lieutenant colonel. In 1944, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier and was given the charge of the Bannu Frontier Brigade as commander.
Major General VK Singh, who wrote a biography of Field Marshal Kariappa, says, "While passing through a village in those days, Kariappa saw some Pathan women carrying large pots full of water on their heads."
"After questioning, it was found out that they had to go daily to fetch water from another village four miles away. Kariappa immediately ordered a well to be dug in his village. Pathan was so happy that he started calling him 'Khalifa'.
An important role in making Leh a part of India
In November 1947, Kariyappa was posted as chief of the Eastern Command of the army and was posted to Ranchi.
But as soon as the condition deteriorated in Kashmir within two months, he was made the GOC in Chief of Delhi and East Punjab in place of Lieutenant General Dudley Russell. He named this command Western Command.
He immediately appointed General Thimmaiah as the head of Jammu and Kashmir Force in place of Kalwant Singh.
The road to Leh could not be opened until the Indian Army occupied Jozila, Dras and Kargil.
Defying the above orders, Kariyappa did the same. If they had not done so, today Leh would not have become a part of India. As part of their plan, the Indian Army first captured Naushera and Jhangar and then pushed back the attackers from Jozila, Dras and Kargil as well.
Major General Rajendra Singhji, Commander in Chief General Sir Roy Butcher, Defense Minister Baldev Singh and Field Marshal Kariyappa (from left to right, seated)Image Courtesy: KC Nandu Kariappa
Kariappa's jeep attacked by the Tribals
Kariappa visited Nowshera after assuming the post of Commander. Here 50 parachute brigades were in control at that time.
He told Brigadier Commander Usman that he would like a gift from him. When Usman asked what he would like to take as a gift, Kariappa's answer was that he wanted him to take possession of the coat. Osman carried out this work successfully.
Later when the tribes attacked Nowshera, the control of Indian soldiers on the coat played a very big role in the same defence.
At the same time, while travelling from Jeep to Srinagar, Brigadier Bogi Sen advised Kariappa to remove the flags and star plates from the jeep so that the enemy could not identify his jeep and fire the sniper.
Major General VK Singh explains that "Kariappa did it by accepting the advice, saying that it would have a bad effect on the morale of his soldiers when they would see that their commander had removed the flag from his jeep out of fear."
"Bogi Sen's fear turned out to be right. His jeep came on fire but fortunately, no one was hurt. His jeep was fired again while returning, causing a tear in his tire but no effect on Kariappa."
Kariappa got Mahavir Chakra to Meher Singh
On another occasion during a visit to Tithwal, Kariappa, regardless of his safety climbed a hill on which the tribesmen were watching.
Within a few minutes of their departure, a cannonball fell at the place where they were standing.
Later Kariyappa laughed and said, "Enemy shells also respect the general."
During this campaign, Air Commodore Meher Singh was successful in landing the Dakota aircraft with arms in the tail, that too at night. After some time, he also landed in Leh on which General Thimmaiah was riding.
Kariyappa not only recommended giving Mahavir Chakra to Mehar Singh, but also ensured that he gets this honour.
The strange thing was that the Air Force did not like to give Mahavir Chakra to its own officer and after this he was not given any promotion.
First Indian Commander in Chief
In 1946, Baldev Singh, who was the Minister of Defense in the Interim The government offered to make Nathu Singh, then serving as Brigadier, the first Commander-in-Chief of India.
Major General Bhuvan Chandra Khanduri, who wrote a biography of Kariyappa in his book 'Field Marshal KM Kariyappa His Life and Times', writes, "Nathu Singh did not accept the offer politely, because he believed that being a senior was Kariyappa's The claim on that post was made more. "
"After Nathu Singh, Rajendra Singhji was also offered the post but he too did not accept that position in honour of Kariyappa. Then on 4 December 1948, Kariappa was made the first Indian Commander-in-Chief of the Army."
At that time, Kariyappa was 49 years old. For the first time after 200 years of British rule, an Indian was given the reins of the Indian Army.
On 15 January 1949, Kariappa did this post. Since then, this day is celebrated as 'Army Day'.
With Field Marshal Sam ManekshawImage Courtesy: KC Nandu Kariappa
The Soldier of Discipline
The largest contribution Kariappa was that he kept away from politics to the Indian Army.
Maybe that's why he refused to take the Indian Army troops INA. He believed that if he did this, the Indian Army would not be untouched by politics.
Kariappa had no harm in following the discipline. This was the reason that even his closest friends hesitated to take freedom from him.
Major General VK Singh writes in his book 'Leadership in the Indian Army', "Once in Srinagar, General Thimmaiah, who had worked with him in World War II and Kashmir, was sitting in the same car with him. Thimmaiah had taken the first puff by burning cigarettes that Kariappa forbade him to smoke in a military vehicle.
"A short time later, the habitual General Thimmaiah took out another cigarette but then put it back in the packet, recalling Kariappa's talk. Kariappa noted this and ordered the driver to stop the car so that Thimmaiah could smoke."
Ruckus over private use of government car
Air Marshal Nandu Kariappa, son of Field Marshal Kariappa, writes in his father's biography, "Once when I was studying at Naveen Bharat High School in Delhi, one day the army truck school could not come to pick us up. My father's ADC told me to send a staff car to withdraw from school. I was overjoyed. "
"A few days later when my father was having breakfast, this incident was mentioned. On hearing this my father became enraged and he laughed at his ADC saying that the government car should not be used in any way. Immediately got his bill made and asked the ADC to deduct it from his salary. "
Ayub Khan rejected the offer
During the battle with Pakistan in 1965, the fighter plane of his son Nandu Kariappa, a fighter pilot in the Air Force, was shot down in Pakistan. He was taken prisoner of war.
Airmarkal Nandu Kariyappa told the BBC, "There was a lot of friendship between the President of Pakistan, General Ayub Khan and my father as Ayub had worked under him in the 40s. Radio Pakistan was specially announced after I was caught. That I am safe and well. "
"Within an hour, the Pakistan High Commissioner in Delhi spoke to my father over the telephone and said Ayub Khan sent a message to him that if you wish, he can send your son back to India immediately. Then my father replied , "All Indian prisoners of war are my sons. You leave my son with them. "Not only this, while I was in Rawalpindi's jail, Begum Ayub came to meet me with a cart of state express cigarettes and a novel by PG Wodehouse."
Field Marshal Kariappa with former President Gyani Zail Singh
Image Courtesy: KC Nandu Kariappa
Pakistani soldiers put down their weapons And saluted FM Kariappa
After the end of the India-Pakistan war, Kariappa went to the Indo-Pakistan border to boost the morale of Indian soldiers.
During the time he crossed the border and entered 'No Man Land'.
Nandu Kariappa writes in his father's biography, "On seeing him, the Pakistani commander ordered that he stop there, otherwise he would be shot. Someone from the Indian border shouted that he is General Kariyappa. On hearing this, the Pakistani soldiers Took down his weapon. "
"His officer came and saluted General Kariappa. Kariappa asked the Pakistani soldiers about his well-being and also asked if he was getting letters from his house?"
Difficulty In speaking Hindi
Kariappa had a little hand in speaking Hindustani, so people often called him 'brown Saab's. Actually, he used to think in English.
Soon after independence, Kariappa was to address the troops near the border. He was trying to tell them that now the country is free. Mango and we are also free.
But Kariappa said, "Iss Waqt Aap Muft, Mulk Muft hai, Sab Kuch Muft Hai(You are free, free at the moment, everything is free)."
Kariappa was very much in favour of family planning. Once addressing the wives of soldiers at the Family Welfare Center in Amritsar, he said, "Mothers and sisters, we want you to have two children, one for yourself, one for me."
Perhaps Kariappa was saying that you should have two sons. One of them stayed with the family and the other became part of the Indian Army.
Fieldmarshal Kariappa always wore nice clothes. At dinner, he always appeared in a black suit or bandhgala.
He always changed clothes at dinner time, even if he was having dinner alone in his house.
His daughter Nalini says, "Once he called an American diplomat at dinner. The guest did not know the dress code of Kariappa. He arrived at home wearing a plain shirt. My father used the excuse of the cold weather of Madikeri. He was forced to wear his coat. Then he went and sat at the dinner table. "
"Once more my fiancée came to a family luncheon wearing only a coat, without a tie. My father told me to tell my future husband that his son-in-law and as an army officer would dress him dressed at a food table Come on. "
"He was so aware of his appearance that whenever he was entering a city by car, he stopped the car and combed his hair and wiped the dust on his car with his hands. . "
The Craze Of Field Marshal Kariappa
Kariappa was famous for his craze, and that too not many, many.
For example, they did not tolerate someone turning their sleeves to their shirt sleeves.
Nandu Kariappa says that 'I don't remember if I ever saw him in a half sleeve shirt or a bush. Bashert was very hilariously called 'Maternity Jacket'. He always had a scarf tied around his neck while playing a game. Every person who came to eat at our place was expected to wear a suit. Secondly, even if someone has opened the buttons of his coat, he was considered bad.
I do not know why he was so irritated with the harmonium. Whenever there was an item of music in army ceremonies, it was forbidden to play the harmonium. For him, the transistor was the world's biggest invention. He always kept it with him. He was never interested in watching TV.
|Image Courtesy: KC Nandu Kariappa|
Became Field Marshal At the Age of 87
On 15 January 1986, he came to Delhi for the Army Day parade.
After the parade, the then Chief of Army Staff General K Sundarji announced that the government has decided to make General Kariappa a field marshal.
His son Airmarshal Nandu Kariappa says, "On the day this program was to happen, there was a lot of pain in the little toe of his right foot. At home, he used to wear a shoo-in his left leg and slippers on his right foot at home.
We all advised him He did not wear shoes at the function of the Rashtrapati Bhavan but where was he going to listen to us.
He wore his pointed shoes as usual. And then and when he asked the President for his field He did not even use a walking stick when he went to get the martial baton. "
"The President's ADC offered him support but he did not accept it either."
"At that time, he was 87 years old. The whole ceremony lasted for about 10 minutes. But during this period, Kariappa stood still, though he was having severe pain in his leg."