What is NRC in India?
NRC and CAA Full Form
|National Register of Citizens||Citizenship Amendment Act (Bill)|
What does NRC mean?
What is expected to join NRC?
What documents are required for NRC?
Why Assam is Different?
- 1951 NRC; or
- Electoral roll(s) up to March 24, 1971; or
- Anyone of 12 other kinds of papers, such as land & tenancy records; citizenship papers; passport; Board/University certificate.
- Additionally, if the document submitted is in the name of an ancestor, then another document proving relationship was required to be submitted — such as a ration card, LIC/bank document or an educational certificate that contains the names of the applicant as well as the parent/ancestor.
What will happen to people who reject to enroll NRC?
Possible Deadline for a Nationwide NRC?
Can any Hindu use the Citizenship Amendment Act as a defense if they are outside the NRC?
Can a Hindu living in Chikmagalur, Karnataka, Chanderi, Madhya Pradesh, or Kozhikode, Kerala not have access to the shield?
Why Muslims are particularly worried about CAA combined with nationwide NRC?
Have Muslim political figures voiced these concerns?
Frequently Asked Question on NRC & CAA:
Do Indian Muslims need to worry about CAA+NRC?
There is no need for an Indian citizen of any religion to worry about CAA or NRC.
Will people be excluded in NRC on religious grounds?
No, NRC is not about any religion at all. Whenever NRC will be implemented, it will neither be applied on the basis of religion nor can it be implemented on the basis of religion. No one can be excluded just on the basis that he/she follows a particular religion.
Does CAA lose its lethality if the proposal of a nationwide NRC is put aside?
Owaisi had proposed an amendment in the Lok Sabha, arguing that all oppressed religious minority should be covered by the law. This was done to demonstrate that, in the event of a national NRC, the CAA will not discriminate against any one particular group. The corollary is widely accepted as being true: Without a national NRC, the CAA will become less devastating against Indian Muslims.
While rejecting the earlier version of the Citizenship Amendment Bill in January, Trinamool Congress MP Prof. Saugata Roy had stated that the bill would be accepted if it excluded Bangladesh and would be acceptable to Assam as well.
However, it is likely that the constitutionality of the law will be taken into consideration when the Supreme Court decides on challenges to the CAA.
Are there any undocumented Indians?
Up to December 21 of this year, 124.95 crore people received Aadhaar cards, according to the UIDAI website. In India, there were 102.6 crore active mobile customers in 2018, according to the telecom regulator TRAI. The population of India (over 121 crores in 2011, and 133.9 crores in 2017 according to the World Bank) suggests that the majority of its citizens are identified by their Aadhaar numbers or by having a mobile connection. Both of these, however, do not serve as citizenship proof. 90 crore voters were registered to vote, according to the Election Commission, ahead of the Lok Sabha elections this year. Over 60 crore people (or 59 percent of the population at the time) were of voting age in the 2001 Census, but given the multiple reference years, it is challenging to extrapolate anything from it.
Several states have ruled out implementation of a nationwide NRC, What does their defiance mean?
Opposition-ruled With their declarations that the NRC will not be implemented in their states, West Bengal, Kerala, and Punjab are making a political statement. Subjects specified in List 1 of the Seventh Schedule that are solely the purview of Parliament include citizenship, aliens, and naturalization.
Kerala also became the second state, after West Bengal, to postpone the update of the National Population Register (NPR), a precursor to the 2021 Census, out of concern that it was the “first step” toward the NRC. In accordance with the Citizenship Act of 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules of 2003, the NPR, a list of “usual residents of the country,” is being created. Every “usual resident in India” is required to register with NPR. The NPR, in contrast to the NRC, is not a citizenship enumeration drive because it includes foreigners who have been there for longer than six months.
Indians With legit Documents :
|Indian population||134 crore (That is the World Bank figure for 2017.|
In Census 2011, the Indian government had counted 121 crores).
|Aadhaar numbers||125 crore (As of December 2019. |
Even accounting for population growth, it is still a large proportion).
|Registered voters||90 crore, In the 2019 Lok Sabha polls. |
Just for reference, in 2001, 59% (over 60 crores) of the population was of voting age.
|Ration cards||23 crore (As of November 2019, under National Food Security Act)|
|Passports||6.60 crore (As of December 21, 2019)|
|Income Tax||42 crore Number of PANs until February 2019 (according to CBDT chairman Sushil Chandra)|
|Mobile phone users||102 crore (Active mobile phone users in 2018, according to telecom regulator TRAI).|