Republic Day 2020: Dr. B. R. Ambedkar presented the constitution in two years, 11 months and 18 days and dedicated it to the nation. Let us tell you, our constitution is considered to be the most comprehensive constitution in the world.
Republic Day 2020: Republic Day is celebrated every year on 26 January in India .. This year the country is celebrating the 71st Republic Day. In fact, on 26 January 1950, the Constitution came into force in our country, on which 26 January is celebrated every year as Republic Day.
The constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 to become an independent republic but was enacted on 26 January 1950. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar presented the constitution in two years, 11 months and 18 days and dedicated it to the nation.
Let us tell you that our constitution is considered to be the largest constitution in the world. The President of the Constituent Assembly who Wrote it was Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, while Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, etc. were the prominent members of this assembly.
History of Republic day
The history of Republic Day is very interesting. To become an independent republic and to establish the rule of law in the country, the constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and implemented on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system.
In December 1929, a Congress session was held in Lahore under the chairmanship of Pandit Javarhalal Nehru. Passing the resolution in this session, it was announced that if India was not given Dominion status till 26 January 1930 by the British Government, India would be declared a completely independent country.
Until 26 January 1930, when the British Government did nothing, then on that day Congress declared the determination of complete independence of India and started its active movement.
From that day until the attainment of independence in 1947, 26 January was celebrated as Republic Day. After this, on 15 August 1947, Independence Day began to be celebrated on this day after attaining actual independence.
After India became independent, the Constituent Assembly was announced and started its work from 9 December 1947. Members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the elected members of the assemblies of the states of India.
How the Constitution came into force on 26 January 1950?
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, etc. were prominent members of this gathering.
There were a total of 22 committees in constitution framing, of which the drafting committee was the most prominent and important committee and the task of this committee was to ‘write constitution’ or ‘construct’ the whole.
The chairman of the drafting committee was Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. The drafting committee, and especially Dr. Ambedkar, composed the Constitution of India in 2 years, 11 months and 18 days and completed the Constitution of India on 26 November 1949 to Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly.
After which, after several reforms and changes, 308 members of the assembly signed two handwritten copies of the constitution on 24 January 1950.
Two days later, the Constitution came into an authority on 26 January. To maintain the importance of 26 January, on the same day, the Constitution approved by the Constituent Assembly (Constituent Assembly) recognized the republican form of India. Therefore 26 January is celebrated every year as Republic Day.
Important facts related to Republic Day
1. Republic Day Parade is held at Rajpath in the country. The parade is eight kilometres and starts from Raisina Hill. After that through Rajpath, India Gate, it ends at Red Fort.
2. On 26 January 1950, the first Republic Day Parade took place at the erstwhile Irwin Stadium (now National Stadium) instead of Rajpath. At that time, there was no boundary wall around the Irvine Stadium and the red fort was clearly visible behind it.
3. The Constitution of India was implemented at 10.18 in the morning on 26 January 1950.
4. Keeping in mind the Complete Autonomous Day (26 January 1930), the Constitution of India was implemented on 26 January.
5. 21-Gunshot salutes are given during the national anthem. These 21- Gunshot salutes begin at the start of the national anthem and ends with the end of the 52-second national anthem.
6. Every year on Republic Day, the tableau of the states comes out, which is also broadcast live on TV. Many people also visit India Gate on the occasion of Republic Day, especially to see the tableaux.
7. In addition, gallantry awards are also given on the occasion of Republic Day.