In a complex, changing world, countering China is a multifaceted problem for India: An Opinion

SHARE:

An expansionist, economically and militarily strong China looms large over India’s north-eastern border, its Indian Ocean neighbourhood, and...


In a complex, changing world, countering China is a multifaceted problem for India: An Opinion




An expansionist, economically and militarily strong China looms large over India’s north-eastern border, its Indian Ocean neighbourhood, and its ties with the US and Russia. If India wants to counter Chinese imperialism, it must face squarely the complexity of the security threat posed by China.





Last June’s clashes in the Galwan valley highlighted China’s aggressiveness on their frontier. Apparently neither country wants war. But diplomatic dialogue is problematic because China has claimed sovereignty over Galwan. That makes it hard to deal with the Galwan issue as a conflict that can be resolved through diplomatic bargaining.





Since becoming Prime Minister in 2014, Narendra Modi has held 18 meetings – plus a virtual meeting at November’s Brics summit – with President Xi Jinping. But personal summitry lacking strong economic and military ballast fails to deliver political and economic gain or add up to a well-crafted strategy for dealing with China.





Diplomatic leverage reflects realities on the ground. In India’s friendly neighbourhood, China has extended its influence and established itself as the top investor – especially in badly needed infrastructure – in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal. It is also the top arms supplier to Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. They are aware of the dangers of relying on an assertive China, but an economically weaker India has yet to present itself as an economic or political counterpoise that they could bank on. Each country judges issues in accordance with its own interests. To mend fences with friendly neighbours India could offer them more investment and improve its record of implementing projects.





China’s expansion in the Indian Ocean and India’s absence from any regional Asian economic organisation reduce the latter’s influence in Asia. With India now concentrating defence spending on its land frontiers, will it be able to fork out more to expand its naval strength in the Indian Ocean as China enlarges its presence there?





While hoping for a bilateral resolution of the border dispute some democracies support India against China. Appalled at the global health and socio-economic consequences that have followed on from Beijing’s mishandling of the corona outbreak in Wuhan city and the territorial aggrandisement implicit in its ‘wolf warrior’ diplomacy, Germany, France, Britain and Australia are trying to expand their influence in the Indo-Pacific. But these countries lack the wherewithal to counter China economically and militarily singlehanded. Only the American superpower can do that.





So India must find its way through the complex rivalry between its two friends, Russia and the US. Russia supplies military gear to more than 70% of India’s armed forces. That has always been noted by Washington as it has mulled over the intertwined problems of selling sophisticated weapons to India and strengthening its tie with New Delhi. Additionally, New Delhi must contend with the troubling prospect of the US imposing sanctions on India for buying Russian arms.





On another plane, the Russian tie is a double-edged sword. Russia will not put its weight behind India in the Sino-Indian border dispute, partly because its greater interest is to challenge America’s global primacy with its comprehensive strategic partner China. It opposes India’s support for Washington’s concept of the Indo-Pacific and its membership of the Quad. Generally, Russia’s silence on China’s hawkishness in the Indo-Pacific works against India’s interests.





Significantly post-Soviet Russia, like its partner China, is also an expansionist power. Invoking its own version of Russian history and Russian ethno-nationalism, it invaded neighbouring Georgia (2008) and Ukraine (2014), severed and annexed parts of their territories. India maintained a diplomatic silence on those occasions.





Russia and China jointly produce weapons for land, aerial and naval use. They see their tie standing at the apex of history and as an enduring strategic partnership. This includes trade. China buys 14% of Russia’s exports, India a mere 1.7%. China supplies Russia with 22% of its imports, India with 1.6%.





Arms sales to India keep Russia’s defence industry well-oiled, but the chances of India wooing Russia by highlighting their shared interest in a multipolar world are slim. Given the hostility between the US and Russia, how India will balance and get the most out of amicable relationships with both remains uncertain.





Last September India made a significant and wise move by allowing, for the first time, the long-range American anti-submarine maritime patrol aircraft, P-8 Poseidon, to carry out its maiden refuelling from India’s strategic base in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The refuelling was carried out under the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement signed between India and the US in 2016. Meanwhile, a series of defence agreements have prepared the ground for a possible strengthening of military ties. Even without a formal alliance, the US could help enhance India’s intelligence and strategic assessment capacity, strengthen its maritime security through joint planning and patrols, and hold more frequent military drills with it.





Every country seeks to maximise its political and economic options. China’s intrusions into Indian turf, its growing clout in India’s neigbourhood, the anti-Americanism of China and Russia, the mutual strategic understanding between Russia and China, all challenge India to define its interests and defend its place in the world as it walks the US-Russia-China tightrope. Last but not least, good governance and economic development are essential for India to make the economic progress that will empower it to face the enduring challenge from China. India must rise to the occasion.





The writer is a Founding Professor of the Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution, New Delhi


COMMENTS

Name

16 Bihar Regiment,1,1971 War,4,26/11 Terror Attack,2,Act East Policy,1,Admiral Karambir Singh,1,advanced multirole combat aircraft (AMCA),1,Aero India,10,Afghanistan,5,Africa,1,Agniveers,1,Ahmedabad,1,Air Asia,1,Air Bubble,1,Air Bubble news,1,Air Chief Marshal,1,Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha,1,Air Force Station Yelahanka,1,AIR India,1,Air-Independent Propulsion,1,Airbus A330 multi-role tanker transport aircraft,1,Aircarft,1,Aircraft Carrier,1,Aircrafts,1,Airport Authority of India,1,Ajit Doval,1,Akash Air Defence Missile,2,Akash-NG Missile,1,Al-Qaeda,1,ALH Mk-III,1,Ambala,1,American Navy,1,American Predator drones,1,Amnesty International India,1,AMPHEX 21,1,Andaman & Nicobar Islands,1,Angara,1,Angara-A5 Space Rocket,1,Anti-radiation Missiles,1,Anti-tank Missiles,3,anti-torpedo defence system,1,Arabian Sea,1,Arakan Army,1,Argentina,2,Arjun Gun Barrel,1,Arjun Mark-1A,5,Armata Tank T-14,1,Armenia,6,Armenia-Azerbaijan War,5,Armored Vehicles,1,Arms Deal,1,Army,1,Army Commanders,1,Article 370,1,Article-II,1,Artificial intelligence,1,Artillery,1,Arunachal Pradesh,5,ASEAN,1,Assault Operations,1,Assault Rifles,2,Astra Mark 2 Missile,1,AstraZeneca,1,ATAGS Howitzer,2,Atal Tunnel,2,ATGMs,1,Atmanirbhar Bharat,5,Atmnirbhar Bharat,1,attari,1,Australia,6,AZAD Kashmir,1,Azerbaijan,6,B-1 Bomber,1,Balakot Attack,1,Balasore,1,Ballistic Missile Defence,1,Baluchistan,1,bangladesh,4,Banning of Chinese Apps,1,Beating Retreat,1,BECA Agreement,1,Beijing,2,Beirut,2,Belgian Malinois,1,BEML,1,Bengaluru,2,Bharat Dynamics Limited,1,Bharat Electronics Limited,1,Bharat Forge Limited,1,Bhawana Kanth,1,Bhutan,1,Bipin Rawat,5,Black Cats,1,Black Hawk Helicopters,1,Boeing,2,Boeing F-15EX Fighter Jet,1,Bolivia,1,BrahMos,6,Brampton,1,Brazil,1,BRO,2,BSF,7,BSF Personnel,1,Budgam,2,C-17s,1,C-295 Transport Aircraft,1,C-DAC,1,CAA,1,Cabinet Committee on Security,3,Cadet Amit Raj,1,Canada,1,CAPF,1,Captain Soiba Maningba Rangnamei,2,Captain Tom Moore,1,CDS,4,Ceasefire Violation,1,Chabahar_zahedan,1,Chamoli Glacial Outburst,1,Chandrayan-1,1,Chemical-Nuke-War,1,Chemical-Nuke-War Protective Gear,1,Chengdu J-20,1,Chennai,1,Chief of Defence Staff,4,Chile,1,China,115,Chinese AR-500 drone,1,Chinese J-18,1,Chinese VTOL Fighter Jet,1,Chushul,2,COAS,5,CoBRA Deputy Commandant,1,Cochin Shipyard,1,Col Quazi Zahir,1,Colonel Narendra Kumar Bull,2,Colonel Santosh Babu,1,Combat Air Teaming System (CATS),1,commission,1,Comptroller Auditor General (CAG),1,Congo,1,Corona Virus,1,Coronavirus,1,Coronavirus Vaccine,1,Covid-19,2,covid-19 pandemic,1,CRPF,12,Cyber Attack,3,Cyber Security,2,D.R.D.O.,26,DAC,1,Daily Knowledge Dose,3,Darwan Singh Negi,1,Dassault Rafale,2,DCNS,1,Defence,6,Defence Acquisition Council,1,Defence Budget 2020-2021,2,Defence Deal 2021,1,Defence Industry,6,Defence Insights,1,Defence Ministry,4,Defense budget 2021,1,Desert Flag,1,DF-17 Ballistic Missile,1,DGQA,1,Dhruvastra,1,Difference Between LOC and LAC,1,Donald Trump,4,Dr APJ Abdul Kalam,1,Dr Vikram Sarabhai,1,Drones,2,Drones Attack,1,Ehsaas programme,1,Emmanuel Macron,1,Encounter,1,Enforcement Department,2,Euro Fighter Typhoon,1,European Union,1,Exercise SKYROS,1,F-35,1,F/A-18 Super Hornet,2,Farmer Protest,1,Farooq Abdullah,1,fast Petol Vessel,1,FATF,3,FBI,1,FBI Investigation,1,Festivals,2,Field Marshal Kariappa,1,Fighter Jets,6,Fiji,1,First Rocket Launch,1,fiscal year 2021-22,1,Fitness,4,FPfizer-BioNtech,1,France,7,Gabar Singh Negi,1,Galwan Valley,7,General Manoj Mukund Naravane,2,Germany,1,Ghazwa-e-Hind,1,Gilgit-Baltistan,1,Global,2,Golden Arrows Squadron,4,GRSE,1,GRSE yard,1,GSLV MK-II,1,Gulf,1,Guyana,1,H-20 Stealth Bomber,1,Hafiz Saeed,2,HAL,11,Hanwa Defence,1,Head-Mounted Display Systems,1,Heavy Lift Rocket,1,Helicopters,2,HELINA,2,Heron Drones,2,Hindustan Shipyard,1,HMS Queen Elizabeth,1,Hong Kong,1,Howitzer,1,IAF,5,ideaForge,1,IDEX,1,IED blast,2,Imran Khan,2,India,262,India-China disengagement,3,India-China Stand-Off,64,India-France,2,India-made Israeli Tavor X 95 rifles,1,India-Nepal air travel corridor,1,India-Pakistan,5,India-South Korea,1,India-US,3,Indian Air Force,53,Indian Air Force Day 2020,3,Indian Armed Forces,1,Indian Army,198,Indian Army Day 2021,1,Indian Coast Guard,5,Indian Defence News,342,Indian Defence Review,21,Indian Navy,33,Indian Ocean,3,Indigenisation,2,Indigenous Aircraft Carrier,1,Indigenous Rustom 2,1,Indo-Pacific,3,Indo-Pak war triumph,1,Indo-US,1,Indo-US 2+2,2,Information Security,1,INS Aditya,1,INS Himgiri,1,INS Kora,1,INS Mumbai,1,INS Sahyadri,1,INS Vikramaditya,1,INS Vikrant,1,INS Viraat,1,Insha Jan,1,Inspiration,7,International Defence Expo,1,Internet Shutdown,1,Interpol,1,Iran,7,ISI,2,ISIS,2,Israel,8,ISRO,9,ITBP,6,J-20 Stealth Fighter,1,J&K Reorganisation Bill,1,Jaisalmer,1,Jaish-e-Mohammed,5,Jamaat ud Dawa (JuD),2,Jammu & Kashmir,50,Jammu amp; Kashmir,3,Japan,6,JF-17,1,Joe Biden,4,K Sivan,1,KA-226T,1,KALI Secret Weapon,3,Kalyani M4,1,Karnataka,2,Kashmir,3,Kashmir Issue,1,Kavkaz 2020,1,Keerti Chakra,1,Khalistani Group,1,Kharga Corps,1,Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa,1,Kiren Rijuju,2,Konark Corps,1,Kozhikode air crash,1,Kulbhusan Jadhav,1,Kulbhushan Jadhav,1,Kulgam,3,Kumar Base,1,LAC,31,Ladakh,22,Ladakh Face-Off,49,Lamp;T Defence,1,Lashkar-e-Taiba,8,LCA Tejas,4,Lebanon,1,Leh,1,Leh-Manali,2,Lieutenant General Sarath Chand,1,Lieutenant General SS Mahal,1,Light Machine Gun,1,Linda Thomas-Greenfield,1,Line Of Actual Control,2,Lithium Triangle,1,LoC,10,Lockheed Martin,2,Lok Sabha,1,Louisiana,1,loyal wingman,1,LRSAM,1,Lt Gen. CP Mohanty,1,Made in India,2,Maharashtra,1,Make in India,2,Maldives,2,Manipur,2,Maritime,1,Maritime Exercise,1,Maritime Theatre Command,1,Mariya Didi,1,Mark-III ALH,1,Masood Azhar,3,MEA,14,Medium Calibre Guns,1,Mehbooba Mufti,1,MH-60 Romeos,1,MiG-19,1,MiG-21,1,Militants,1,Military Coup,1,Military Exercise,2,Military Modernization,1,Military Transport,1,Ministry of Defence,6,Mirage-2000,1,Mizoram,1,MK-III,1,MoD,3,Modern Haitat for troops,1,Modernization,1,Morocco,1,MoU,1,MPATGM,1,MQ-9B Drone,1,Mumbai,2,Mumbai Attacks,1,Myanmar,8,Narendra Modi,12,NASA,4,National Conference,1,National Security Adviser (NSA),1,National Security Guard (NSG),1,NATO,1,Naval Support Vessels,1,NavAlt Solar and Electric Boats,1,Navy,3,NCC,1,NDA,3,Nepal,3,NETRA,2,Neutron,1,Nguyen Xuan Phuc,2,NIA,6,Niger,1,Nigeria,1,Nike-Apache Rocket,1,Nirmal Jeet Singh Sekhon,1,Nirmala Sitharaman,2,North Korea,1,Northern Command,1,Norway,3,Nowshera,2,Nuclear Deal,1,Nuclear Installation,1,Nuclear Missile,1,OFB,1,Operation Meghdoot,1,Opinions,20,Optical Fibre,1,Ordnance,1,Organisation Of Islamic Cooperation,1,Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine,1,P-17A-Class Stealth Frigate,1,Pakistan,60,Pakistan army,1,Pakistan border,4,Pangong Lake,4,Pangong Tso,1,Paramount Group,1,Pavithra Wanniarachchi,1,Pentagon,1,Peru,1,PFI,1,Phantom Awacs,1,Philippines,2,Pinaka Rocket Launcher,2,PLA,17,PLAN,1,PLARF,1,PLASAF,1,PM Oli,1,PM Rally 2021,1,PoJK,2,POK,2,Poland,1,Poonch,6,Porta Cabins,1,pro-Donald Trump armed protests,1,pro-Navalny protests,1,PSLV,1,Pulwama,4,Pulwama terror attack,9,punjab,3,Purulia,1,PVC,1,Qatar,2,QRSAM,1,R K S Bhadauria,2,Rafael Advanced Defense Systems,1,Rafale,13,Raise 2020,1,Rajasthan,1,Rajnath Singh,24,Rajouri,5,Ram Nath Kovind,1,Republic Day Parade 2021,3,Riots in America,2,RKS Bhadauria,2,RLV-TD,1,Rohinya Crisis,1,RSS,1,RTEG,1,RUAV Drone,1,Rubaiya Sayeed,1,Rudram,3,Russia,13,Rustom-2,1,S Jaishankar,12,S-400 Missile System,2,SAAB,1,SAARC,1,Sabarmati Riverfront,1,Sachet,1,Sainik School,1,SANT,1,Saudi Arabia,1,Saudi Arabian Military Industries (SAMI),1,Scorpene Submarine,1,SeaKing choppers,1,seaplane,1,Sekhon Statue,1,Self-help,1,Senkaku Islands,1,Serum Institute of India (SII),1,SHADE,1,Shaheen (Eagle)-IX,1,Shahid Beheshti,1,Shaurya Missile,2,Shivangi Singh,2,Shoaib Akhtar,1,Shopian,3,Siachen Glacier,5,Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW),1,Smart Shooter,1,SMASH 2000 Plus,1,sniffing dogs,1,Social activist & reformers,2,Social Media,1,Solar Powered Ferry,1,Solar-Powered Tents,1,Sonam Wangchuk,1,South Asia,1,South China Sea,1,South China Sea,6,South Korea,3,Southeast Asia,1,Southern Command,1,Southern Naval Command,1,Space,9,Space Agency Roscosmos,1,Space Situational Awareness,2,SPAD-GMS,1,Sri Lanka,3,Sri Lanka#039;s Muslim Council (SLMC),1,Srinagar-Leh,2,St Mary Magdalene,1,Stealth Destroyer,1,Sticky Bombs,1,Student Death,1,Subhas Chandra Bose,1,Submarine,1,Sukhoi Su-30MKI,2,Sukhoi Su-30s,1,surveillance aircraft P-8I,1,Swarnim Vijay,1,Swarnim Vijay Varsh,1,SWITCH UAV,1,Switzerland,1,T-90 Bhishma MBT,2,TADA Court,1,Tahawwur Rana,1,Taiwan,6,Taliban,1,TATA Airbus Deal,1,TATA Group,1,Technology,14,Tejas,2,Tejas Mark II,2,TEJAS MK-1A,4,Terrorist Encounter,1,Terrorists,5,Terrorits,1,The Resistance Front (TRF),1,Theaterisation,1,theatrisation,1,Thumba,1,Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launch Station (TERLS),1,Tibet,2,Togo,1,Tour of Duty,1,TPCL,1,Transport Air Bubbles,1,TROPEX-21,1,Turkey,4,Turkey-Pakistan Nexus,1,Twitter,2,Type-928D Assault Boats,1,UAE,4,UAV,3,Ukraine,1,UN,2,UN Security Council,1,Unified Command Operations,1,United Nations,7,United Nations Peacekeeping,1,United States,16,Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV).,1,US,31,US Navy,1,US Capitol,1,US elections,1,US-China,2,US-China economic and security review,1,US-India,1,UTTAM,1,Vagir,1,VCOAS,1,Vehicles,1,Verba Man-Portable Air Defense Sytem,1,Victoria Cross,2,Vietnam,2,Vijay Diwas,1,Vikas Kumar,1,Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC),1,VK Singh,1,Vladimir Putin,2,VT-AXH Accident,1,War Heroes,2,Warrior Drone,2,Washington DC,1,weapon,1,Weapons,33,White House,1,World,221,World Health Organization,1,World War 1,1,Wuhan,1,Xi Jinping,2,Xi Jinping News,1,Xiaomi,1,Yasin Malik,1,Yudh Abhyas,2,Zoji La Pass Tunnel,1,
ltr
item
Defence News: Indian Defence News, IDRW, Indian Armed Forces, Indian Army, Indian Navy, Air Force: In a complex, changing world, countering China is a multifaceted problem for India: An Opinion
In a complex, changing world, countering China is a multifaceted problem for India: An Opinion
https://www.theindianhawk.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/India-china-Flags-1.jpg
Defence News: Indian Defence News, IDRW, Indian Armed Forces, Indian Army, Indian Navy, Air Force
https://www.theindianhawk.com/2021/01/in-complex-changing-world-countering.html
https://www.theindianhawk.com/
https://www.theindianhawk.com/
https://www.theindianhawk.com/2021/01/in-complex-changing-world-countering.html
true
161742447869945643
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU TOPIC ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content