Difference Between LoC and LaC: A Comprehensive Guide

Difference between LoC and LaC: Since the removal of Article 370, Pakistan has been regularly doing heavy firing on the Line of Control (LoC) and the International Border (IB).

Prior to this, Indian and Chinese soldiers are fighting at the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

In geopolitics and international relations, there are several terms that often surface in discussions surrounding border disputes and conflicts.

India, though a peace-loving country has some border-related disputes with its neighbors China and Pakistan. Sometimes these border issues led to the escalation of war-like situations between these countries.

As a citizen of India, we must know the borders of our country and the fundamental cause of disputes with neighboring countries.

Before discussing the difference between loc and loc, we must know what these terms stand for what is International Border (IB)?

Introduction: Difference between LoC and LaC

These lines play a significant role in defining boundaries between countries and have been a point of contention in various regions around the world.

In addition, the term “IB,” or International Border, also holds relevance in this context.

This article aims to explore the key difference between LoC and LaC. And shedding light on the nuances of these demarcation lines and their implications on international relations.

 Also read: China’s ‘New Border Land Law’: Everything You Need to Know

Countries demarcate their borders using certain terms and lines to establish boundaries and maintain territorial integrity. LoC and LaC are two such lines, while IB serves a different purpose altogether.

Understanding LoC:

The Line of Control (LoC) is a demarcation line that separates the regions of Jammu and Kashmir between India and Pakistan. It came into existence after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-48. Neither country recognizes the LoC as an international border. Both countries maintain military forces along the de facto border.

Also read: ISI planning Pathankot like attack on military base in Rajasthan

Understanding LaC:

The Line of Actual Control (LaC) is a demarcation line that separates the Indian-controlled territory from the Chinese-controlled territory. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) cuts through the territory in Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Uttarakhand. 

Image depicting difference between loc and lac
Difference between Loc and Lac | Image credit: Jagran Josh

LAC is a followed by India, but China keeps disturbing the borders with its exapansion policies.

Difference Between LoC and LaC

While both are demarcation lines, there are significant differences between them. The key difference between LoC and LaC can be summarized as follows:

FactorsLine of Control (LOC)Line of Actual Control(LAC)
LocationThe LoC separates India and Pakistan in the region of Jammu and Kashmirwhereas the LaC separates India and China in multiple regions, including Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh.
RecognitionThe Line of Control (LoC) is a military control line between the India-Pakistan, and does not recognized as an international border.whereas the LaC is also not an internationally recognized border.
AgreementsThe LoC has been subject to several ceasefire agreements between India and Pakistan, such as the Simla Agreement of 1972.In contrast, there is no specific agreement defining the LaC, leading to occasional border disputes and tensions between India and China.
DeploymentAlong the LoC, both India and Pakistan maintain military forces in a confrontational position.On the other hand, along the LaC, both India and China deploy their military forces in close proximity to each other, resulting in occasional face-offs.
Difference Between Loc and LaC

Significance of LoC and LaC

Both of these hold immense strategic and geopolitical significance. The LoC, being a highly sensitive and contested border, has been a focal point of conflicts between India and Pakistan.

Also read: Army Chief Visits Forwards Areas Along IB in Pathankot-Jammu

It has witnessed numerous ceasefire violations and sporadic exchanges of fire. Similarly, the LaC has also been a site of tensions and standoffs between India and China, most notably in recent years.

Understanding IB

In contrast to LoC and LaC, the International Border (IB) represents the recognized border between two countries. It is an official boundary that separates one country from another.

Also read: Pakistani Rangers Fired At Earth-Mover Machine Engaged in Cleaning along international border

The Radcliffe Line, drawn in 1947 to demarcate the partition of British India, now serves as the International Border between India and Pakistan.

Difference Between LoC and LaC, IB explained

The difference between loc and Lac and IB are as follows:

FactorsInternational Border(IB)LAC & LoC
RecognitionThe IB is recognized as the official border between two countries.LAC is an International recognized borderline between India-China, whereas the LoC is not internationally recognized border.
PurposeThe IB serves as a boundary between two sovereign nations, facilitating trade, movement of people, and diplomatic relationsConversely, the LoC and LaC mark regions of territorial disputes and military deployment.
TensionsWhile tensions can arise along the IB, they are usually resolved through diplomatic channels.However, the LoC and LaC have witnessed more frequent confrontations and border disputes.
Difference Between Loc and Lac and IB


In conclusion, understanding the key difference between LoC and LaC, and IB is vital to grasp the complexities of international borders and territorial disputes.

The LoC separates India and Pakistan in the region of Jammu and Kashmir, while the LaC separates India and China in disputed border areas. On the other hand, the IB represents the recognized boundary between two countries.

Each of these demarcation lines serves different purposes and has varying degrees of recognition, which significantly impacts geopolitical dynamics.

FAQ’S – Difference Between Loc, LAC and IB

No, the LoC is not recognized as an international border. It serves as a de facto border between India and Pakistan in the region of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Simla Agreement of 1972 is one of the significant agreements between India and Pakistan concerning the LoC

The LaC is a disputed border between India and China due to conflicting territorial claims in regions like Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh.

The International Border (IB) serves as the official boundary between two countries, facilitating trade, movement of people, and diplomatic relations.

Both the LoC and LaC have witnessed significant tensions and conflicts between India, Pakistan, and China, leading to occasional skirmishes and standoffs.