The MiG-21 Bison is the most advanced fighter aircraft of the modern-armed MiG-21 series. It is used as an interceptor.
Interceptor fighter jets are designed to attack enemy aircraft, especially bombers and reconnaissance planes.
The Indian Air Force first inducted MiG-21 aircraft into its fleet in 1960.
Since the Kargil War, the Indian Air Force has been replacing the same advanced MiG-21 bison by removing old MiG-21 aircraft from its fleet.
Bison is also called balalaca. Nato forces also call it fishbeds.
The MiG-21 bison is powered by a large search and track radar that operates a radar-controlled missile and leads the radar guided missiles.
It uses BVR technology that makes normal but lethal fighter aircraft worthy of combat capability against missiles that disappear from the eyes.
These fighter jets have an electronic and advanced cockpit type. The MiG-21 bison is similar to Brazil’s relatively new F-5M fibre plane.
Soviet Russia’s Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau started making it in 1959. In 1961, India decided to buy MiG planes from Russia.
In the later stages, the process of further improving it continued and in that order the MiG was upgraded to the MiG-bison army.
The MiG-21 is a lightweight single pilot fighter aircraft. and can fly at an altitude of up to 18,000 meters.
It can have a maximum speed of 2,230 kmph i.e. up to 1,204 knots (mak 2.05).
It is capable of carrying more bombs, along with sky-hitting missiles from the sky.
MiG-21 aircraft were used in the Indo-Pak war in 1965 and 1971. In 1971, the Indian MiG dropped the Chengdu F aircraft (also another variant of the MiG that was made by China).
Mirage-2000 and its Speciality
The Mirage-2000 is a state-of-the-art fighter aircraft manufactured by The Dow Aviation Company of France. This is the same company that has built a Rafale fighter aircraft.
The Mirage-2000 weighs 47 feet and weighs 7,500 kg. It can fly at a maximum speed of 2,000 kilometres per hour.
The Mirage-2000 can fly at a speed of 2,336 kilometers with 13,800 kg of ammunition.
The double-engine Mirage-2000 is a fourth-generation multirole fighter aircraft and a Mach 2. India first ordered it to be purchased in the 80s.
The Mirage-2000 aircraft along with the MiG-21 also played an important role in the Kargil War.
In 2015, the company handed over the upgraded Mirage-2000 fighter aircraft to the Indian Air Force. These upgraded aircraft are fitted with new radars and electronic systems, which have drastically increased the firepower and reconnaissance capability of these aircraft.
But France sold the aircraft not only to India, but the nine-country air force used the aircraft as of today.
The Mirage-2000 has twin engines. Being a single engine reduces the weight of fighter jets, making their movement easier. But sometimes engine failures are likely to cause the plane to crash.
In such a situation, if the fighter aircraft has more than one engine, the other engine works when one engine fails. This keeps both pilots and aircraft safe.
The Mirage-2000 aircraft could do many things simultaneously. Where on the one hand it is capable of dropping more and more bombs or missiles. It is also easy to compete with the enemy in the air.
The Mirage fighter aircraft is equipped with defa 554 autocan, with 30mm revolver type cannon.
These cannons can fire at the rate of 1200 to 1800 rounds per minute. It is also capable of carrying up to 6.3 tonnes at a time.
The aircraft is capable of carrying sky-to-sky and sky-to-ground missiles, laser guided missiles, nuclear-powered gluten cruise missiles.