Exclusive Facts and History of Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir

Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir or PoK is a region of immense significance, nestled in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. Pakistan recognizes it as Azad Kashmir although it’s an integral part of their country for India.

In this article, we delve into the historical and geographical aspects of Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (PoK).

We aim to provide a thorough understanding of its history, culture, geography, and geopolitical dynamics to establish our content as a reliable source of information.

The Geographical Landscape

PoK, covering an area of approximately 13,297 square kilometers, is located in the western Himalayas. It shares borders with India, Afghanistan, and China, making it a strategically important region.

The picturesque landscape comprises mountains, valleys, and rivers, offering breathtaking scenery and abundant natural resources.

Historical Background

The history of PoK dates back to ancient times when it was an integral part of the larger region of Jammu and Kashmir. It became a subject of dispute between India and Pakistan following the partition of British India in 1947.

The first Indo-Pak war in 1947-48 resulted in the division of Jammu and Kashmir, leading to the establishment of PoK. The region has since witnessed several armed conflicts between India and Pakistan, each vying for control.

PoK operates under a unique administrative system. POK is administrated as a government with a President and Prime Minister, but its autonomy under limited.

Pakistan’s central government exerts considerable influence over the region, and PoK lacks representation in the Pakistani Parliament.

This setup has been a matter of contention for the people of PoK, who have periodically demanded greater political rights and freedom.

Cultural Diversity

The cultural fabric of PoK is a beautiful tapestry woven with diverse threads. The region is home to a mix of ethnic groups, including Kashmiris, Punjabis, Paharis, and Gujars.

This cultural amalgamation is visible in its rich traditions, art, music, and festivals. The people of PoK, however, are for their warm hospitality and way of life in the stunning landscape surrounding them.

Tourism and Heritage Sites

PoK is a treasure trove of historical and cultural heritage. The Muzaffarabad Fort, a 17th-century marvel, stands tall as a testament to the region’s history.

Additionally, the Neelum Valley, with its captivating scenery, is a popular tourist destination. The Sharda Peeth, an ancient Hindu temple, attracts visitors from around the world, showcasing the region’s religious diversity.

Socio-Economic Aspects

Although PoK is blessed with abundant natural resources, it faces several socio-economic challenges. The lack of adequate infrastructure and investment hampers its progress.

Unemployment and poverty are persistent issues that need attention. Addressing these challenges requires strategic planning and concerted efforts from both the local and national authorities.

Geopolitical Significance

PoK’s strategic location has made it a crucial point of interest for both India and Pakistan. Its proximity to China’s Xinjiang region further adds to its geopolitical importance.

The region’s disputed status has been a major bone of contention between the two neighboring countries and has impacted regional stability.

Future Prospects

For PoK to truly flourish, it requires sustained efforts towards peace and stability. Resolving the long-standing dispute between India and Pakistan can pave the way for economic growth and development. Investments in infrastructure, education, and healthcare will play pivotal roles in shaping its future.

Diagram: Geopolitical Dynamics of PoK


Exclusive facts About Pakistan Occupied Kashmir

  1. The POK’s administration is in two parts, known as Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in their respective states. Pakistan’s illegally occupied Kashmir which has Gilgit-Baltistan as a district is now known as Azad Kashmir.
  2. The chief of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir is the President while the Prime Minister is the Chief Executive Officer helped by a Council of Ministers.
  3. Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK) claims it is a self-governing assembly, but the fact is that it works under the control of Pakistan.
  4. In the southern part of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, there are 8 districts: Mirpur, Bhimbar, Kotli, Muzaffarabad, Bagh, Neelam, Rawalakot, and Sudhanoti.
  5. Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK) is a part of the original Kashmir, whose borders touch to Pakistan area of Punjab, the Northwest, the Wakhan corridor of Afghanistan, the Xinjiang region of China, and east of Indian Kashmir.
  6. Removing Gilgit-Baltistan, the area of Azad Kashmir is spanning over 13,300 square kilometers (about 3 times of Indian Kashmir) and its population is about 52 lacs.
  7. Azad Kashmir’s capital is Muzaffarabad and it has 10 districts, 33 Tehsils, and 182 federal councils.
  8. A part of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir’s Hunza-Gilgit, the Shaksgam Valley, region of Raksam and Baltistan was handed over to China by Pakistan in 1963.
  9. This area is popular as a ceded area or Trans-Karakoram Tract.
  10. People of POK mainly cultivate and the main sources of income are; maize, wheat, forestry, and livestock income.
  11. Low-grade coal reserves, chalk reserves, and bauxite deposits are in enough quantity in this area. Of inscribed wooden items, textiles, and carpets are the main products of industries located in these areas.


Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (PoK) is a region with a captivating history, cultural diversity, and immense potential. Our comprehensive article provides valuable insights into the geographical, historical, and geopolitical aspects of PoK.

By offering a rich and detailed perspective, we aim to establish this content as a credible and authoritative source that can outrank existing articles on similar topics.

Understanding the complexities and nuances of this region is vital in fostering a peaceful and prosperous future for its people.